How Many Handicap Parking Signs do You Need?

Many business owners know that they are required by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to provide parking that is accessible to anyone with a disability.

What they may not know is how many parking spaces they are required to reserve. The requirement could be different for existing businesses as compared to businesses that are associated with new construction.

Whenever there is new construction of a parking lot or garage, the following table can be used. In addition to the minimum number of accessible spaces required, there is also a requirement for “van accessible” spaces.

There must be one “van accessible” space for every six, or fraction thereof, accessible parking spaces.

If your parking lot has 150 parking spaces, you would need five of those spaces to be reserved for accessible parking. Of those five accessible spaces, one would be a “van accessible” space.

If you have a lot with 201 parking spaces, seven spaces would be reserved for accessibility, and two of those seven spaces would be “van accessible.”

  • Total Number of Parking Spaces
    in Parking Facility (Lot or Garage)
    Minimum Number of Accessible
    Parking Spaces Required
    1 - 25 1
    26 - 50 2
    51 - 75 3
    76 - 100 4
    101 - 150 5
    151 - 200 6
    201 - 300 7
    301 - 400 8
    401 - 500 69
    501 - 1000 2% of total
    1001 and over 20, plus 1 for each 100,
    or fraction thereof, over 1000

Table provided by ADA National Network.

If your lot serves multiple buildings or has access to several building entrances, your accessible parking spaces should be spread out to serve many of these points.

Hospitals, rehab facilities, and other medical facilities need more accessible parking than other commercial or public facilities. 10 percent of spaces at hospital outpatient facilities need to be accessible, and 20 percent of spaces at rehabilitation and physical therapy facilities need to be accessible.

Federal Van Accessible Sign

“Van accessible” parking is still one for every six, or fraction thereof, for these facilities. There are some exceptions to the need for reserved accessible parking. If your parking lot or garage is only used for buses, delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles, impounds, or trucks, then there is no requirement for accessible spaces. A zone for accessible pick-up and drop-off is necessary if the lot is accessed by the public (for picking up impounded vehicles, for example).

If you have a parking facility that was built before 2010, these regulations may not apply. A “safe harbor” clause allows existing parking facilities to operate under the ADA regulations that were applicable during the new construction (a parking lot constructed in 1992 would comply with ADA 1991 regulations, for example).

If an existing parking facility undergoes a planned alteration, then it must be brought up to the newest ADA regulations, including the addition of accessible parking spaces, to the “maximum extent feasible.” (Safe Harbor section, Accessible Parking Fact Sheet, ADA National Network)

Reserved handicap parking signs are also required in parking lots, garages, and other facilities. To find out what accessible parking sign you need in your state, view our help article: Which Handicap Parking Signs do You Need?

For more information on 2010 ADA requirements, including accessible parking space dimensions, visit the ADA National Network website. does not recommend or specify the use of a specific safety sign because it does not have knowledge of the hazard(s) our customers are identifying. It is the customer’s sole responsibility to identify the hazard(s) that may be present and select one or more signs (stock or custom) that accurately identify their specific hazard(s) and complies with any applicable federal, state or local laws or regulations, any worksite specific rules or regulations and/or any applicable safety standards (including, without limitation, ANSI and/or OSHA standards). disclaims any and all liability (excluding liability for our Product Warranty contained in our Terms and Conditions) for any sign selected by a customer and shall not be responsible for any personal injury or property damage resulting from the use of signs purchased from it or for the independent interpretation made of any applicable federal, state or local laws or regulations, any worksite specific rules or regulations, and/or any applicable safety standards (including, without limitation, ANSI and/or OSHA standards). Customer shall indemnify and hold and its corporate parent and its officers, directors and affiliates harmless from and against any and all claims, loss or expense (including attorneys’ fees) arising from or related to the purchase and use by customer or any third party of any sign purchased by customer from

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